"This Is Not Okay"
I'm spending today and tomorrow at the National Network for Safe Communities conference at John Jay College. For those who don't know the National Network, they are the organization that is seeking to reduce crime and repair public trust in justice through a series of related interventions (e.g. the drug market intervention and the group violence intervention) that bring law enforcement and community voices together to combat violence.
I'm not a formal member of the Network, but I consider myself a bit of a fellow traveler. Certainly, the Center for Court Innovation shares the broad goals of the Network to reduce the use of incarceration and repair the damaged relationship between the justice system and communities, particularly communities of color. (And, it should be noted, we have helped to convene call-in meetings in Brownsville that are an adaptation of the group violence intervention.)
I wish that everyone who is worried about the current state of criminal justice in this country could have been at this morning's session at the conference. They would have seen dozens of police chiefs, prosecutors, community leaders and academics grappling earnestly with both the history of our country (particularly the legacy of racism) and the need for immediate and urgent action in crime-plagued communities. A few highlights from some of the featured speakers:
Jeremy Travis, President of John Jay College, said that "the heavy footprint of mass incarceration...casts a shadow over our democracy."
Karol Mason, Assistant Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice, said that faith in justice has been fractured in many places but "nowhere is fractured faith beyond repair." She went on to assert that "fairness and effectiveness in enforcement of the law are not mutually exclusive."
David Kennedy, the director of the National Network, made the case that there are too many communities in the U.S. with unconscionably high rates of violence, incarceration, and distrust of law enforcement. "This is not okay," Kennedy asserted, underlining the moral imperative for change. He went on to say that "small steps can make a huge difference" when it comes to addressing these issues.
William Bratton, the police commissioner here in New York, called the current moment, "the most serious crisis" he has seen in his career in law enforcement. According to Bratton, "public safety without public approval isn't public safety." He stated that there are alternatives to enforcement that can change the behavior of offenders and would-be offenders. Among other examples, he highlighted Project Reset, the initiative that we are helping the NYPD (and local prosecutors) pilot in Brownsville and Harlem as a way of diverting 16 and 17 year olds who have committed minor offenses from formal court processing.